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 jordan

Official Name : The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Capital : Amman (area approx. 8,231 sq km)
Government : Jordan is a democratic constitutional monarchy ruled since early 1999 by King Abdullah II. Under the constitution, power is vested in the king and the parliament, which consists of the senate and the house of representative. The senate is comprised of 55 members appointed by the king, while the House of Representatives are comprised of 110 members elected in general elections. The king appoints the prime minister and members of the senate. The king exercises his executive authority through the prime minister and the Council of Ministers, or cabinet. The cabinet, meanwhile, is responsible before the elected House of Deputies which, along with the House of Notables (Senate), constitutes the legislative branch of the government. The judicial branch is an independent branch of the government.
Country Dialing Code : 962
Location : Jordan is located in the middle among the Arab-Asian states. It is centred approximately on 36 degrees east longitude and 31 degrees north latitude. Jordan is surrounded by Syria from the North, Iraq and Saudi Arabia from the East, and Saudi Arabia from the South, and Palestine from the West.
Borders : 1,653 KM (Palestine 97KM - Israel 238KM - Saudi Arabia 744KM - Iraq 181KM- Syria 375KM)
Coastline : 26 KM
Geography : The Dead Sea is to the northwest and the Red Sea to the southwest. A high plateau extends 324 km from Syria to Ras en Naqab in the south with the capital of Amman at a height of 800m. Northwest of the capital, are undulating hills, some forested, others cultivated. The Dead Sea depression, 400m below sea level in the west, is the lowest point on earth. The River Jordan connects the Dead Sea with Lake Tiberias (Israel). To the west of Jordan is the Palestinian National Authority Region. The east of the country is mainly desert. Jordan has a small stretch of Red Sea coast, centred on Aqaba.
Climate : Most parts of Jordan is semi-desert, while the eastern region often tips over to being desert. There is considerable climate variation within the country. When it’s cold in the mountains in winter, temperatures are warmer in the winter resorts of both the Jordan Valley and Aqaba. In the summer, temperatures are high in the low valleys and pleasantly cool and mild in the highlands. Generally the weather in Jordan is dry, mild and sunny throughout the year and temperature rarely drops below zero. Rain falls between November and March. Very cold weather in December and January and sometimes snows in the winter season . The Jordan Valley below sea level is extremely hot during summer.
Area : 97,740 sq km.
Population : 5,039,000
Language : The official language is Arabic. English is widely spoken.
Time : GMT+2 in winter / GMT+ 3 April - September.
Electricity : 220 volts AC, 50 cycle. Plugs are two-pin continental type.
Religion : Jordan is primarily an Islamic country with over 80% Sunni Moslem, 15% Shi'is Moslem and 5% Christians. Christians belong to several churches, the largest is the Orthodox. Other groups are Armenians and Cherchessians.
Visa : All foreigners need to obtain a visa either from the Jordanian consulates and embassies abroad or upon arrival. Some nationalities are restricted and need prior approval for visa. Please verify information for visas with us before you travel. Cost of a single entry visa is 40 JD ($60) for all nationalities. Entry visas to other countries in the region such as Syria, Lebanon, Egypt and Israel, can be arranged also.
Departure Tax : JD 10 for all foreign nationals. Transit passengers are exempted.
Communications : Automatic international dialling connections, Fax and Cellular phones service. Internet services are available at most hotels and some special cafes.
Currency : Jordan Dinar (JD) = 1000 fils. Notes are in denominations of JD50, 20, 10, 5 and 1. Coins are in denominations of 500, 250, 100 and 50 fils.

Business Working Hours

: Friday is the official weekly holiday for all sectors. Many Christians close on Sundays.
Banks : Sunday - Thursday 08:30 - 15:00
Government : Sunday - Thursday 08:30 - 14:00
Private Sector : Saturday - Thursday 08:30 - 13:30 / 15:30 - 18:30
Shopping : Saturday - Thursday 09:30 - 22:00
Shopping Malls : All Week 09:30 – 22:00
Credit Cards : Major credit cards including AMEX, Visa, Master Card and Diners Club are accepted at hotels, restaurants, travel agencies and most shops.
Clothes To Pack : Evenings in Jordan can be cool in the summer-a sweater or shawl is recommended. Light clothes in the summer and warm clothes in the winter. Since all tours in Jordan are walking tours, comfortable walking shoes are recommended. Conservative attire please when visiting downtown areas and religious places.
Taxis : Meter yellow taxis are inexpensive, safe and very convenient. Tipping is not required but it is customary to pay the nearest round figure to the price on the meter.
Tipping : Tipping is a way of showing one's satisfaction with service provided. It is customary to tip drivers and guides. Tips to drivers, guides and hotel personnel are not included and left to personal discretion.
Duty Free : Several duty free shops operate at Jordan's land borders and airports. The shops are open to visitors entering Jordan during the first two weeks of their entry.